current study, only 17-18-year results data were assessed.

Predictor Variables
To discover extent of exposure to nudity and primal scenes, parents were asked two
questions in a face to face interview at kid’s age 3: “Does mother (father) go nude in
front of child?” and “Does mother (father) bathe or shower with the child?” The questions
were followed by 4- and 5-point Likert scales anchored by 1 (never) and 4 (often) or 1
(never) and 5 (daily). At youngster’s age 6, parents were asked whether they (i) discouraged
Exposure to primal pictures was quantified by two items. At child’s age 3, parents were

At kid’s age 6, parents
were again asked if their kid had noticed them having intercourse, and again offered a
4-point scale anchored by 1 (no) and 4 (often). Due to shifts in the identity of
frequency of fathers working outside of the home and being unavailable for interview,
missing data for fathers approach unacceptable levels. So, only moms’ data were
used for these investigations. Nonetheless, whenever data for dads existed, correlation coefficient with

Mums’ data was commonly high (e.g., n = 69, r = .80).
Scores for individual variants were standardized [Mathematical Expression Omitted]
Management Variables
Management variables contained participant kid’s sex, family SES, and family climate
(Distressed/nontroubled status, pronaturalism, sexual liberalism/conservatism). Families
participating in the FLS job differed as to domestic organizations, stability, worth and
beliefs, and degrees of devotion to those values and beliefs. On the basis of intensive
Case by case examination of family life-style, a typology of family types was developed
and subjected to discriminant analysis. This assessment assigned 83% of families to the
same type identified qualitatively (Weisner and Wilson Mitchell, 1990). One of these
Sorts was termed “changeable/distressed” in the original FLS reports, and simply
“Distressed” in the current study to be used as a management variable. Thirtyone families (16.4%)
were assigned to this group qualitatively. beach nymphs was defined by unstable
family composition (defined as regular changes of mothers’ male partners and/or
Regular residential changes); low dedication to whatever were the stated family values;
and commonly disturbed parent relations or alcohol/substance abuse and other pathologies.
At the time of enrollment, parents were assessed as to common family values. Lots of
items were initially created regarding child-rearing, the surroundings, and human
relationships. The construct addressed by these items was termed “pronaturalism” by FLS
investigators (cf. Weisner et al., 1983). Varimax rotation was used to derive three factors
with high loads and great commonalities (Weisner, 1986). These factors described
belief in the use of natural materials, medicines, and food; a de-emphasis on materialism
and properties; a “warm and emotionally expressive” style highlighting ,
intimacy, emotionality, and physical warmth and closeness; belief in “natural”
Kid-rearing practices for example breastfeeding and close parent-infant contact; a free,
Laid back family style emphasizing low contradiction, little punishment and aggression,
conforming parenting fashion to the temperament of the child, and belief in the
wholesomeness of sensed styles of pre-industrial folks who are supposed to be more
“naturally human.” (For an interesting discussion of the fallacy of the “naturally human”
Premise, see Buss, 1994, p. 17.) The construct “pronaturalism” was measured at
“Sexual liberalism/conservatism” was quantified through aggregate rating by FLS staff
interviewer of mommy’s responses to a series of items associated with attitudes toward sexuality.
This measure was administered at kid’s age 3. “Conservative” dispositions comprised low
tolerance for childhood masturbation and sex play, restrictive approaches toward nudity in
the house (independent of actual existence of nudity in the home), highly negative
attitudes about children viewing parental sexual intercourse (independent of children truly
Seeing intercourse), an unwillingness to acquaint kids with the “facts of life,” and
“Conventional” beliefs about the belief of gender equality. “Liberal” perspectives comprised

children viewing sexual intercourse; a willingness to impart sex education; and “progressive”
attitudes about gender equality.
Criterion Variants